Helping Smokers Quit: Crossing Boundaries Across Medicaid, Public Health, and Other Sectors

Project Summary: 

The research team is analyzing the relation of state tobacco use cessation efforts, other tobacco policies and individual characteristics on the smoking and quitting behavior of Medicaid smokers. If successful, evidence will demonstrate how stronger state Medicaid efforts to promote tobacco cessation lead to reductions in smoking and higher quit rates. Additionally, the research will highlight which policies have the most robust effects on smoking behaviors.

Outcomes & Methodology:

Pooled models using panel data methods (e.g. fixed effects, random effects or difference-in-difference) were created to examine:

  • The effect of state-level tobacco cessation utilization measures and other state policies on whether a Medicaid enrollee is a current smoker or not.
  • Whether Medicaid policies affect whether they tried to quit smoking in the past year or not.
  • Whether higher levels of state tobacco cessation utilization in one year are associated with more Medicaid enrollees reporting that they are former smokers in subsequent years.
Principal Investigators: 

Leighton Ku, PhD, MPH

Brian Bruen, PhD

Grant Start Date: 
February, 2016
Award Amount & Duration: 

$199,520 and 18 months