Grantees

Immigration Enforcement and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from North Carolina

Project Summary: 

This research team is estimating the effects of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) activities, specifically 287(g) programs and Secure Communities, on the maternal and infant health of Mexican-born immigrant mothers in North Carolina. The investigators are exploring how immigration enforcement activities affect the health and well-being of immigrant mothers and their newborns, and if changes in birth outcomes arise due to changes in maternal behaviors and access. Results from this study will provide a quantification of the likely human impact of both anti-immigrant sentiment and more direct policies that target undocumented populations and their communities, and, more generally, will inform policies that seek to mitigate or remediate disadvantage generated before birth.

Outcomes:

Adequacy of prenatal care (measured using the Kotelchuck index), smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy, birth weight, gestational age, and small-for-gestational age.

Methodology:

Difference-in-difference approach comparing variation in birth outcomes (or maternal behavior) for immigrant mothers before and after the time when a county enacted increased enforcement with those of similar mothers residing in a county that did not change its enforcement regulation around the same time.

Principal Investigators: 

Marcos Rangel, PhD

Christina Gibson-Davis, PhD

Grant Start Date: 
December, 2017
Award Amount & Duration: 

$ 136,139 and 18 months