Evidence for Action (E4A) grantees are working in a broad range of topic areas to assess the health outcomes of various interventions aimed at addressing key determinants of health, with a particular focus on improving population health and health equity. Below we highlight topics in which grantees are currently working. We aim to continue funding work in these areas, as well as expand our funding to support research on new topics.

Climate & Environment
Topic Summary

Shifting weather patterns and extreme weather events, exacerbated by climate change, can have pervasive impacts on health and well-being, particularly for vulnerable populations. Current E4A funded research on climate focuses on the effectiveness of interventions designed to mitigate the adverse health effects of climate change through enhancing the built environment, improving household and neighborhood resilience, and adjusting environmental policies and regulations.

Criminal Justice
Topic Summary

From policing to sentencing to probation, criminal justice policies and practices can affect the health of individuals, families, and communities. E4A funded research related to this topic focuses on understanding the health impacts of interventions designed to reform the criminal justice system.

Economic Opportunity
Topic Summary

Financial security and the ability to meaningfully participate in the economy are key drivers of individual and population health and well-being. Economic opportunity is shaped by a variety of systems and practices related to how people build wealth, including but not limited to wages and employment policies. E4A funded research related to this topic focuses on determining the causal links between initiatives designed to “level the economic playing field” and health outcomes.

Topic Summary

Evidence examining the relationship between gun culture and social norms around firearm ownership can inform policy development and enforcement and reframe the national debate on gun violence. Current E4A funded research related to firearms focuses on analyzing state and federal policy effectiveness and understanding the relationship between these policies and population health outcomes.

Food & Nutrition
Topic Summary

Decision-making around nutrition and access to healthy foods has an undeniable impact on health and well-being. E4A funded research in this area currently centers around evaluating the effectiveness of interventions aimed at changing food systems, nutrition programs, and consumer behavior.

Health Care & Health Services

Housing & Neighborhoods

Topic Summary

Immigration policies and enforcement practices impact the health and well-being of children and families, often regardless of their immigration status and outside of the direct realm of immigration policy. E4A funded research in this area focuses on evaluating direct and spillover effects of policies and interventions designed to improve the health of immigrant families.

Topic Summary

Messaging has the power to influence when and how we talk about health, as well as who participates in the conversation; individual, organizational, and governmental decision-making around health and health care; behavior changes; and the framing of the national conversation around how and which programs and policies are implemented. E4A is funding research in this area that focuses on techniques for shifting mindsets, values, and norms around individual, family, and population health and well-being.

Tobacco & Substance Abuse
Topic Summary

It is important to understand the effectiveness of interventions targeting use or misuse of tobacco products, recreational drugs, opioids, alcohol, and similar substances, as well as the health and equity implications for diverse populations and age groups. E4A research projects are currently evaluating how state and federal policies, health care and practitioner efforts, and supportive social networks influence substance use in a variety of populations.

Workplace Well-Being
Topic Summary

Workplace policies and programs have far-reaching impacts on the day to day lives of employees and their families. Employers also have the potential to create conditions and implement programs that promote improved health and well-being. E4A grantees are evaluating the impacts of working conditions, employee health programs, employment policies, and wage and labor practices on the health and well-being of the workforce, particularly low-wage workers, and their families.